ME 8332 -- New Course

Mon Apr 27 10:51:03 2015

Approvals Received:
on 04-23-15
by John Gardner
Approvals Pending: College/Dean  > Catalog
Effective Status: Active
Effective Term: 1163 - Spring 2016
Course: ME 8332
UMNTC - Twin Cities/Rochester
UMNTC - Twin Cities
Career: GRAD
College: TIOT - College of Science and Engineering
Department: 11135 - Mechanical Engineering
Course Title Short: Advanced Fluid Dynamics
Course Title Long: Advanced Fluid Dynamics in Mechanical Engineering
Max-Min Credits
for Course:
3.0 to 3.0 credit(s)
Advanced fluid dynamics course addressing the theory and applications of fluid flows pertinent to mechanical engineering.  The course focuses on the physical phenomena, mathematical formulations, and advanced problem-solving techniques for flows ranging from microscale flows to turbulence, with examples from mechanical engineering practice.
Print in Catalog?: Yes
CCE Catalog
<no text provided>
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Topics Course: No
Online Course: No
Contact Hours:
3.0 hours per week
Course Typically Offered: Every Spring
Component 1 : LEC (no final exam)
Progress Units:
Not allowed to bypass limits.
3.0 credit(s)
Financial Aid
Progress Units:
Not allowed to bypass limits.
3.0 credit(s)
Repetition of
Repetition not allowed.
for Catalog:
<no text provided>
No course equivalencies
Add Consent
No required consent
Drop Consent
No required consent
(course-based or
No prerequisites
Editor Comments: n/a
Proposal Changes: n/a
History Information: n/a
Graduate School
Sponsor Name:
Lian Shen
Director of
Graduate Studies
Steven Girshick
Director of
Graduate Studies
E-mail Address:
Faculty Teaching
This Course:
Is this course or
change temporary?
What is the course change being proposed (title, course content, number of credits, etc.)? Clearly indicate the rationale for proposing the change. If this is only a change in credits, please provide information justifying such a credit addition or reduction using specific examples from current and proposed syllabi, and answer completely the questions about course objectives and syllabus below. The University policy on credits is found under Section 4A of "Standards for Semester Conversion" at .

<no text provided>
Rationale for
What is the rationale for proposing this course at the 8xxx-level rather than the 5xxx-level? Courses proposed at the 8xxx-level are for graduate students; courses at the 5xxx-level are primarily for graduate students, but third- and fourth-year undergraduates may also enroll.

This course covers advanced topics in fluid dynamics, which are beyond the 5xxx-level and suitable for graduate students only.
Role of Course
in Program:
What role in the program's curriculum is this course designed to fill (area of expertise in new faculty hire, fills gap in sequence, students' demand, follow-up to another course, other)? In other words, why does the program need this course? What is the relationship of this course to existing courses within the program/department? Will the course be a core requirement or optional? If there appears to be duplication or overlap with existing program courses, please explain.

This proposed course addresses a critical need in the ME department.  There is currently no 8xxx-level course devoted exclusively to fluid dynamics in ME.  There is a pressing need from a large number of our graduate students, including those specializing in fluid mechanics as well as other areas (e.g., thermodynamics, heat transfer, aerosol, particle, plasma, design and manufacturing), for advanced fluid mechanics education pertinent to mechanical engineering.  This course will be highly recommended for students whose research emphasizes fluids, and optional for other students.  There is no duplication or overlap with existing program courses.
to Courses
Outside Program:
What is the relationship of this course to courses outside the program, including courses in other units (departments, programs, schools, colleges) of the University? Please provide a list of any similar courses that includes the course designators, numbers, and titles. If there is any duplication or overlap, please explain.

While the topic of this course, advanced fluid dynamics, spans many departmental interests and there are other engineering fluids courses in several departments (including AEM 8201 - Fluid Mechanics I; AEM 8202 - Fluid Mechanics II; CEGE 8502 Environmental Fluid Mechanics II (CEGE 8501 Environmental Fluid Mechanics I has not been offered for many years); CHEN 8101 - Fluid Mechanics I: Change, Deformation, Equations of Flow), it should be noted that such 8xxx-level courses are more specialty-focused with advanced concepts in each discipline.  This proposed course focuses on flows encountered in mechanical engineering.  Many of the topics in this course are not covered in other existing courses.  In structuring this course, the overlap with other courses is kept at minimum.
Have other programs been consulted where such duplication, overlap, and/or similarity might appear to exist? Please identify the individual(s) consulted and the nature and result of this consultation.

We have consulted with fluids faculty in Department of Aerospace Engineering and Mechanics, Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, and Department of Civil, Environmental, and Geo- Engineering, including Professor Krishnan Mahesh, Professor Satish Kumar, and Professor Kimberly Hill.  Professor Krishnan Mahesh is the chair of the AEM fluids group.  Prof. Mahesh communicated with other fluids faculty in AEM and then responded on behalf of AEM fluids faculty.  Professor Kumar is the faculty in ChEn teaching CHEN 8101.  Professor Kimberly Hill is the faculty in CEGE teaching CEGE 8502.  They all support the proposed course.  The correspondences are enclosed in the section entitled “Strategic Objectives - Consultation with Other Units” below.
Evaluation of
Course and
How will the course and the instructor be evaluated?

The course proposal has been approved unanimously by the ME faculty attending the ME faculty meeting on March 12, 2015.  The evaluation of the instructor’s teaching will be conducted by the students using the standard course evaluation form at the end of the semester, and the results will be reviewed by the department leadership.
From this course, students will establish a solid foundation in fluid kinematics and dynamics.  For incompressible Newtonian flows at microscales, laminar internal flows, external flows with flow separation, laminar and turbulent boundary layers, and basic turbulent flows with transport and mixing, students will obtain a deep understanding of the flow physics, develop the capability of formulating mathematical descriptions for the flows, and be able to solve some of the flow equations using advanced mathematical tools.  Students will have the capability of analyzing typical flows encountered in mechanical engineering applications.
Please provide a provisional syllabus for new courses and courses in which changes in content and/or description and/or credits are proposed that include the following information: course goals and description; format/structure of the course (proposed number of instructor contact hours per week, student workload effort per week, etc.); topics to be covered; scope and nature of assigned readings (texts, authors, frequency, amount per week); required course assignments; nature of any student projects; and how students will be evaluated.

The University policy on credits is found under Section 4A of "Standards for Semester Conversion" at . Provisional course syllabus information will be retained in this system until new syllabus information is entered with the next major course modification, This provisional course syllabus information may not correspond to the course as offered in a particular semester.

ME 8332: Advanced Fluid Dynamics in Mechanical Engineering
Course description
This is an advanced fluid dynamics course that covers both the theory and applications of fluid flows pertinent to mechanical engineering. After a review and discussion of the fundamentals of fluid kinematics and dynamics, the course focuses on the physical phenomena, mathematical formulations, and advanced problem-solving techniques at different flow regimes ranging from microscale flows to turbulence. For each type of flow, after a solid theoretical foundation is established, examples from mechanical engineering practice are discussed.
An intermediate fluid mechanics course or permission of instructor.
Incompressible Flow, 3rd ed., R.L. Panton, Wiley.
Physical Fluid Dynamics, 2nd ed., T.J. Tritton, Oxford.
Course outline
1. Review of fluid kinematics and dynamics (1.5 weeks)
&#61623; Kinematics of fluid motion; integral and differential descriptions of mass, momentum, and energy conservation; Navier-Stokes equations; boundary conditions; characteristics of flows typically encountered in mechanical engineering
2. Flows at low Reynolds numbers (4.5 weeks)
&#61623; Equation and solutions for Stokes flows; Oseen’s equation and solutions; surface tension effects; examples of flows around particles and bubbles in mechanical engineering
&#61623; Lubrication approximation; channel flows with solid and porous walls; Reynolds equation for bearing theory; mechanical engineering examples of slipper pad bearing, journal bearing, and squeeze film lubrication
&#61623; Introduction to microflows; solutions with slip boundary conditions; mechanical engineering examples of aerosols and flows in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)
3. Flows at moderate Reynolds numbers (4 weeks)
&#61623; Internal flows: fully developed laminar channel and pipe flows; laminar thermal boundary layer; flows in pipes with different cross sections; mechanical engineering examples of flows in channels with longitudinal ribs and entrance flows into a cascade
&#61623; External flows: boundary layer separation; mechanical engineering examples of flows around circular cylinder and vortex shedding
4. Flows at high Reynolds numbers (4 weeks)
&#61623; Characteristics of turbulence; Reynolds decomposition and Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations; eddy viscosity and modeling; examples of canonical turbulent flows in mechanical engineering, and turbulence transport and mixing of mass and heat therein
Lecture time and credits
Twice a week, each 1.5 hours. 3 credits.
Homework: 30%
Midterm exam: 30%
Final exam: 40%
Academic Integrity
The College of Science and Engineering expects the highest standards of honesty and integrity in the academic performance of its students. Any attempt by a student to present work that he or she has not prepared themselves, or to pass an examination by improper means, is regarded by the CSE faculty as a serious offense, which may result in immediate expulsion of the student. Aiding and abetting a student in an act of dishonesty is also considered a serious offense. Academic dishonesty in any portion of the course shall be grounds for a grade of F or N for the entire course. More university policies can be found at
Strategic Objectives & Consultation
Name of Department Chair
Uwe Kortshagen
Strategic Objectives -
Curricular Objectives:
How does adding this course improve the overall curricular objectives ofthe unit?

Adding this course will fill a major gap in the education of advanced fluid dynamics in the department and will thus significantly improve the overall curricular objectives of ME.
Strategic Objectives - Core
Does the unit consider this course to be part of its core curriculum?

Yes.  Advanced fluid dynamics is part of the core curriculum of ME.
Strategic Objectives -
Consultation with Other
In order to prevent course overlap and to inform other departments of new curriculum, circulate proposal to chairs in relevant units and follow-up with direct consultation. Please summarize response from units consulted and include correspondence. By consultation with other units, the information about a new course is more widely disseminated and can have a positive impact on enrollments. The consultation can be as simple as an email to the department chair informing them of the course and asking for any feedback from the faculty.

From Satish Kumar (ChEn):
Thanks for your note.  In case you don't already have it, attached is a syllabus for ChEn 8101 so you can see what we do.

Not many ME students take ChEn 8101, so I do not have concerns about your course drawing away students.  Indeed, your course would cover some topics such as turbulence that are not covered at all in ChEn 8101, and this may make it more attractive to ME students.  It is worth pointing out that some of the applications you list such as particles, aerosols, droplets, bubbles, lubrication, and MEMS are relevant not only to ME but also to ChEn and other disciplines as well.

Inevitably there will be some overlap in introductory graduate-level fluid mechanics courses taught by different departments because they all must cover the same fundamental principles.  Nevertheless, there is merit in having different departments offer their own courses since fluid mechanics is an extremely broad field and the topics that need to be emphasized in these introductory courses will vary across departments.

In the case of ChEn 8101, we have chosen to emphasize the use of scaling, non-dimensionalization, and asymptotic analysis to obtain approximate solutions to various problems and to gain physical insight into fluid mechanical phenomena.  It is our view that the techniques and ways of thinking learned through such an approach will serve a broad range of students well for a long time because of their applicability to mathematical models far beyond those encountered in fluid mechanics.

From Kimberly Hill (CEGE):

Thanks for stopping by today with the more detailed syllabus.  I see that your offerings are focused on advanced applications in fluid mechanics specific to mechanical engineers and that our offerings are complimentary.  I support your development of this course.

From Krishnan Mahesh (AEM):
hi lian:

the fluids faculty in AEM are supportive of your proposed course.