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Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering
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Richard D. James
Distinguished McKnight University Professor

Richard James

Contact information
Office: 119A Akerman Hall
Phone: 612-625-0706
E-mail: james (at) umn.edu

See a research Q&A
List of research topics
Current research projects

Richard James' main area of research is phase transformations in materials - especially shape memory and multiferrroic materials - at large and small scales. This involves the development of mathematical methods for the analysis of materials at atomic and continuum scales, especially the development of multiscale methods for understanding the relation between the behavior of materials on different scales. It also involves advanced methods of bulk synthesis and characterization of new materials in his laboratory, guided by theory. He is currently applying these ideas to the search for interesting materials in several areas:

  1. The search for new materials that combine two of the three properties - ferromagnetism, ferroelectricity, shape-memory - particularly by using a highly reversible phase transformation, or, in short, multiferroic materials by phase transformation.
  2. The search for new transforming materials with exceptionally low hysteresis and a high degree of reversibility.
  3. The use of these multiferroic, phase-change materials in new kinds of energy conversion devices. In particular, members of his group recently discovered a new way to use these materials to convert heat to electricity.
  4. The prediction of properties of transforming materials and structures at very small scales. Part of this research involves the study of a remarkable phase transformation that occurs in the tail sheath of bacteriophage T4, a virus that attacks bacteria.
  5. The search for new nanostructures based on the concept of "objective structures". These are molecular structures composed of identical molecules such that corresponding molecules "see" the same environment up to orthogonal transformation. These structures have an intriguing relation to the common structures, whether crystalline of not, of most elements in the periodic table, and they are occur often also in biology, especially in viruses. They are also the natural structures to exhibit unusual properties like ferromagnetism, ferroelectricity, and other collective properties, and are especially amenable to methods of synthesis by the process of self-assembly. We are investigating all these aspects of objective structures.

Degrees

Sc.B., Engineering, Brown University, 1974
Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, 1979

Experience

1998 - Present: Distinguished McKnight University Professor, Aerospace Engineering & Mechanics, University of Minnesota
1991 - Present: Professor, Aerospace Engineering & Mechanics, University of Minnesota
2001 - 2011: Russell J. Penrose Professor, Aerospace Engineering & Mechanics, University of Minnesota
1985 - 1991: Associate Professor, Aerospace Engineering & Mechanics, University of Minnesota
1981 - 1985: Assistant Professor, Division of Engineering, Brown University
1979-1980: Research Fellow in Mechanics and Thermodynamics, University of Minnesota

Five Recent Publications

  • Y.Jiang, V.Dabade, M.P.Brady, O.Rios, R.D.James, 2014, 9 T high magnetic field annealing effects on FeN bulk sample, Journal of Applied Physics, bf115, 17a758, (Journal Article) More Details
  • J.M. Ball, R.D. James, 2014, Incompatible sets of gradients and metastability, Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis, (Journal Article) More Details
  • H.Shi, R.Delville, V.Srivastava, R.D.James, D.Schryvers, 2014, Microstructural dependence on middle eigenvalue in Ti?Ni?Au, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 703-707, vol. 582, (Journal Article) More Details
  • Yintao Song, Kanwal Bhatti, Vijay Srivastava, C. Leighton, R.D. James, 2013, Thermodynamics of energy conversion via first order phase transformation in low hysteresis magnetic materials, Energy and Environmental Science, DOI:10.1039/C3EE24021E, (Journal Article) More Details, Request PDF
  • Oren Y. Kanner, Doron Shilo, Jian Sheng, R.D. James, Yaniv Ganor, 2013, Ferromagnetic shape memory flapper for remotely actuated propulsion systems, Smart Materials and Structures, 1-7, doi:10.1088/0964-1726/22/8/085030, (Journal Article) More Details

See more publications

Honors and Fellowships

Brown Engineering Alumni Medal, Brown University, 2009
Background
William Prager Medal, Society of Engineering Science, 2008
Background
Warner T. Koiter Medal, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2008
Background;
Co-advisor (with P. H. Leo) to Liping Liu, winner of the Best Dissertation Award in the Physical Sciences and Engineering (2008) at the University of Minnesota, 2008
Honorary Consultant Professorship, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China, 2007
Background
Alexander von Humboldt Senior Research Award, 2006
Background;
John von Neumann Professorship, TU Munich
Background
Mary Shepard B. Upson Visiting Chair, Cornell University College of Engineering, 2002
Rothschild Visiting Professor, 1999
Background
Cambridge University Best Paper award, ASME/SPIE Smart Materials
Distinguished McKnight University Professor, 1998
Background
Fellow, American Academy of Mechanics, 1997
Background
Featured Review (in Mathematical Reviews)
Member, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, Term I, 1993
Background
George Taylor Distinguished Research Award, Institute of Technology, University of Minnesota, 1991
Background
IBM Fellow, the Johns Hopkins University, 1976 - 1978
Background

Editorial Positions

1999 - Present: Chief Editor with J.M. Ball,
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis
1998 - Present: Editorial board,
Interfaces and Free Boundaries
1997 - Present: Editorial Advisor,
Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
1996 - Present: Editorial Board,
Journal of Elasticity
1991 - 1998: Editorial Board,
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis
1989 - Present: Editorial board,
Journal of Intelligent Materials and Structures,
Technomic Publishing (begun January 1989, relaunched January 1993)
1988 - Present: Editorial Board,
Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics,Springer-Verlag

Current Courses

Undergraduate
AEM 4581 -- Mechanics of Solids

Subjects and Courses Taught

Undergraduate
AEM 2021 -- Statics and Dynamics
AEM 4581 -- Mechanics of Solids
AEM 4602W -- Aeromechanics Laboratory
Graduate
AEM 5503 -- Theory of Elasticity
AEM 8500 -- Research Seminar in Mechanics of Materials
AEM 8541 -- Mechanics of Crystalline Solids
AEM 8551 -- Multiscale Methods for Bridging Length and Time Scales
AEM 8595 -- Selected Topics in Mechanics and Materials
Curriculum Vitae Brief Biographical Sketch

Last Modified: 2013-12-10 at 14:57:47 -- this is in International Standard Date and Time Notation